Were six deaths attributed to the 'Curse of Tutankhamun' actually murders
by arch-satanist Aleister Crowley?
By Daily Mail Reporter; 9th November 2011
The mysterious deaths gripped the nation back in the 1920s and 30s.
More than 20 people linked to the opening of Tutankhamun's burial chamber
in Luxor in 1923 died in bizarre circumstances, six of them in London.
A frenzied public blamed the 'Curse of Tutankhamun' and speculated on the
supernatural powers of the ancient Egyptians.
But a historian now claims the deaths in Britain were the work of a
notorious satanist, Aleister Crowley.
Mark Beynon has drawn on previously unpublished evidence to conclude the
occultist dubbed " the wickedest man in the world" masterminded a series
of ritualistic killings in 'revenge' for the British archaeologist Howard
Carter's opening of the boy-king's tomb.
Absolute Rubbish! Anyone with an ounce of sense can see the immediate
contradictions in Mark Beynon's research. If there was such a thing as The Curse of Tutankhamen
and it was as deadly as Beynon says why on earth would Crowley kill six people instead of simply
waiting for the curse to do its work?
After analysis of inquest reports, Crowley's diaries, essays and books, he
also argues Crowley was a Jack the Ripper-obsessed copycat murderer.
His 'victims' included Carter's personal secretary Captain Richard Bethell,
who was found smothered to death at an exclusive Mayfair club, and
Bethell's father Lord Westbury, who plunged seven floors to his death from
a St James's apartment where he reportedly kept tomb artefacts.
Other victims were said to be Sir Ernest Budge, a former keeper in the
British Museum's department of Egyptian and Assyrian antiquities found
dead in his bed in Bloomsbury...
Nonsense! E.A. Budge was 69 years old when Tut's tomb was first opened
and died a natural death at 77. He had nothing whatsoever to do with the Tutankhamen dig.
He is on record in a newspaper interview
as saying 'For more than 30 years I have dug up mummies in ancient lands. No
curse has descended on me though I have lived 72 years'. Budge, a world-expert in Egyptology
confirmed that there were no curses found in Tutankhamen's tomb. Just WHAT was Beynon researching?
and Ali Kamel Fahmy Bey, a 23-year-old
Egyptian prince shot dead by his wife, Marie-Marguerite, in the Savoy Hotel
shortly after he was photographed visiting King Tut's tomb.
Mr Beynon says Crowley and Marie-Marguerite had been lovers and Crowley
put her up to the shooting.Crowley had motives to tarnish the legacy of
Carter's discovery, Mr Beynon argues.
He accuses Crowley of being responsible for the deaths of:-
Raoul Loveday who died on February 16, 1923. The 23-year-old Oxford
undergraduate was a follower of Crowley's cult at a Sicilian Abbey. He died
on the same day at the very hour of Carter's much-publicised opening of
Tutankhamun's burial chamber after drinking the blood of a cat sacrificed
in one of Crowley's rituals. Mr Beynon argues that he was deliberately
Falsehood! In 1929 Betty May (Loveday's wife) published her autobiography
(Tiger-woman) and gave a full account of the incident. She states clearly that
Raoul Loveday died from 'enteric' a form of Cholera caused by drinking
water from a mountain stream during a hike. She wrote that Crowley specifically warned Loveday not
to drink water from any unchecked source before Loveday and his wife set out. Betty May
reminded Loveday of this but he drank from the stream anyway. His death had
nothing whatosever to do with drinking blood from a sacrifice. For a 'historian'
Beynon's research was appallingly incomplete. He appears not to have checked nor challenged
lies published by the Daily Express in 1923 during their campaign to presecute Crowley for
imagined wrongdoings following publication of his boook Diary of a Drug Fiend
The Express made up ridiculous stories of the cat-killing kind to outrage dim British Readers.
Prince Ali Kamel Fahmy Bey who died on July 10, 1923. The Egyptian
prince, 23, was shot dead by his French wife of six months,
Marie-Marguerite, in London's Savoy Hotel shortly after he was photographed
visiting the tomb. Mr Beynon says that Crowley and Marie-Marguerite had
been lovers in Paris. She was working as a hostess at the Folies Bergere
and he was a regular patron at the same venue. He suggests that Crowley put
her up to the shooting.
Complete Misrepresentation! Beynon's search for academic excellence stops short of
the actual court records.
a full and widely reported trial it became clear from her own testimony
and that of servants and members of her household that Marie-Marguerite
lived in fear for her life. Her husband was violent and regularly beat
her, choked her and otherwise terrorised her because she demanded a
divorce. Months before the argument which terminated in Ali Kamel's
death Mrs Fahmy realised she was in a very dangerous position and
lodged a notarised document with her solicitor in Cairo to protect her
children which was only to be opened in case of her death. This was
sequestered by the court and opened. It outlined her complaints against
Ali Kamel for killing her or resorting to having her killed.
Mrs Fahmy shot Ali Kamel
with his own pistol which she had used to defend herself during the last violent argument. There was no premeditation.
The trial was over in a matter of days. In his summing up the Judge, Mr Justice Swift
particularly brought the jury's notice to the fact that her evidence was
consistent and reliable throughout. He also said they could find her guilty of murder, manslaughter or not guilty
of all charges. It took the jury only a few hours for them to find her not guilty. If there had been any suspicion of
any foul play the jury would have returned a Manslaughter verdict. When the acquittal was heard the court erupted in cheering.
When Marie-Marguerite left the court a throng of people outside also cheered her on her way. Thus this can in no way be
described as a 'murder' in any sense of the word and certainly not a ritual killing.
Crowley had no connection with the
incident. He had been in Paris only three times in his life.
He was in Paris for a week or so in 1900; spent 9 months in Paris in 1914 and six months in 1928. Thus any contact
between Marie-Marguerite and Crowley must have taken place in 1914 SIX YEARS before the shooting.
The supposed link between
Tutankhamen's Curse and Crowley was that Ali Kamel Fahmy was shot
within days of visiting Tut's Tomb. So let's play this out. Crowley
being a mad supernatural protector of Tutankhamen's Tomb uses his
clairvoyant skills to see into the future and divine that SIX YEARS
FROM THEN Ali Kamel Fahmy will be photographed at the tomb. For this
'outrage' Crowley decides to ritually kill Fahmy and dives into his
crystal ball again to locate the woman who Fahmy will SIX YEARS LATER
choose to become his wife; after finding her he seduces her and then
turns her into some kind of Manchurian Candidate who SIX YEARS LATER
provokes a series of beatings with Ali Kamel Fahmy as an alibi and then
shoots him dead in their room at the Savoy Hotel. Yes, that would make
perfect sense for a person devoid of their wits. Beynon's suggestion
that Crowley was involved in the Fahmy incident is absolutely
Aubrey Herbert , died September, 23, 1923. Shortly after
Marie-Marguerite's acquittal, Aubrey Herbert, the half-brother of Lord
Carnarvon, died of blood poisoning after a routine dental operation went
suspiciously wrong at his private hospital in Park Lane. He had only
recently returned from his own trip to Luxor. Mr Beynon speculates that
Crowley was behind the death and may again have used Marie-Marguerite to do
his dirty work.
Wrong again. Referring to Herbert's death, Beynon is quoted as saying that a 'a routine dental operation went suspiciously wrong'
but this is completely misleading. Towards the end of his life Herbert
became totally blind. He was given very bad medical advice to the
effect that having all his teeth extracted would restore his sight. The
dental operation was NOT routine in any sense of the word and the
procedure weakened an already poorly man which resulted in blood
poisoning from which he died in London on 26 September 1923. The Fahmy
and Herbert cases are totally non-related.
Captain Richard Bethell, died November 15, 1929. Howard Carter's
46-year-old personal secretary was found dead in his bed at Mayfair's
exclusive Bath Club. Bethell was said to have been in perfect health. It
was initially thought that he died of a heart attack but his symptoms
raised suspicion that he was smothered to death as he slept. Crowley had
only recently returned to London and was often a guest of novelist W.
Somerset Maugham at the club.
No he didn't! Captain Bethell actually died from Emphysemia and
was not smothered. Over 100 people regularly dined at the Bath Club.
Beynon may as well accuse Somerset Maugham of being the killer - at least he
was a member which Crowley wasn't!
Lord Westbury, died February 20, 1930. Bethell's father, Lord
Westbury, 77, was believed to have thrown himself off his seventh floor St
James's apartment. But Mr Beynon found that it was practically impossible
for an elderly man to have climbed out onto the window ledge and suggests
that Crowley threw him off.
The idea that 77 year olds are unlikely to throw themselves off high places or will
not strive to do so because of infirmity is
a complete and utter nonsense. Males aged 75 and over have the highest rates of suicide in nearly all industrialised
countries, and among many of these nations suicide rates increase with age.. In the U.S.A. and Britain
statistics show that more people die from suicide than from homicide yet Benyon completely dismisses the suicide idea
EVEN THOUGH LORD WESTBURY LEFT A HANDWRITTEN
To Mark Beynon it is more likely that Crowley pushed Westbury to his death even though there is not a scrap of evidence
to suggest it other than his personal suspicions. Just what is Beynon playing at?
Edgar Steele , died February 24, 1930. Only four days after the death
of Lord Westbury, Mr Steele, 57, died at St Thomas' Hospital after a minor
stomach operation. Mr Beynon speculates that Crowley was behind the
death. He was in charge of handling the tomb artefacts at London's British Museum.
Misrepresentation: Edgar Steele died from post-operative shock or Septic Shock (Sepsis).
There is a high risk of Septic Shock even today, which is why the medical profession keeps it quiet.
In 2006 research showed that between 30% to 50% of all operations may result in death through
septic shock. (in the USA there are more deaths from septic shock than there are for lung and breast cancer combined.
(i.e. 215,000 deaths annually))
Source: S68 CLEVELAND CLINIC JOURNAL OF MEDICINE VOLUME 73 • SUPPLEMENT 1 MARCH 2006)
In modern health care there are many ways in which some people can be
saved from septic shock but that was not the case in the 1930s.
Beynon appears so obsessed with selling his Crowley-linked Tutankhamen
Curse that he overlooks the evidential value of causal effects of this
kind which de-mystify the case.
Sir Ernest Wallis Budge , died November 23, 1934. A former Keeper in
the British Museum's Department of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities, he
was found dead in his bed in Bloomsbury aged 77. A friend of Lord
Carnarvon, he had been responsible for displaying the artefacts from Luxor.
Mr Beynon says there is evidence that Budge and Crowley were associates on
the London occult scene.
Speculation contaminated with Imagination! Budge was a respected and noted academic with
decades of successful archeology behind him. He was a pillar of the Establishment
and there is no evidence to suggest any magical or occult link between Crowley and himself. The
reverse is more likely for in an article on February 21st 1930 headed Laughs At Curse; Superstition of Fools, Budge
is interviewed and ridicules any idea of supernatural involvement.
"There was nothing in the tomb to poison them. No curses are written on the tombs. They are elsewhere written only on papyri,
and directed against people stealing or damaging the book...... Smiling, and shaking his white head, Sir Ernest said :
"Examine these deaths. Lord Carnarvon died a few weeks after Tutankhamen's tomb was opened, because he was
there when the mosquitoes were brought up by the south winds and was bitten. Instead of bathing his face, he allowed the
scabs to remain, and then shaved them off. Erysipelas then developed. There is no curse, and there is no reason why
anybody should be frightened..."
THE CURSE OF KING TUT
The curse of the mummy began after a series of terrible events occurred
following the discovery of King Tut's tomb.
Legend has it that anyone who dared to open the tomb would suffer the wrath
of the mummy.
A few months after the tomb's opening tragedy struck. Lord Carnarvon, 57,
was taken ill and rushed to Cairo. He died a few days later. The exact
cause of death was not known, but it seemed to be from an infection started
by an insect bite.
The Cause of Death WAS known, it was erysipelas caused by
an infection, presumed from an insect bite.
Beynon may have overlooked the fact over one million (1,000.000) deaths a
year are caused by insect bites (Malaria).
Legend has it that when he died there was a short power failure and all the
lights throughout Cairo went out. His son reported that back on his estate
in England his favorite dog howled and suddenly dropped dead.
Even more strange, when the mummy of Tutankhamun was unwrapped in 1925, it
was found to have a wound on the left cheek in the same exact position as
the insect bite on Carnarvon that lead to his death.
Mystification! What? The EXACT position? How did Beynon work this out seeing as how mummified
skin tightens and shrinks? Was Tut's cheek bitten before or after death? Did Beynon
have a death-mask of Carnarvon's face to measure?
Of course not! The statement 'same exact position' is completely speculative and designed
to portray an exactness and certainty which simply does not exist. It should have read 'in the approximate position'
but when one is trying to convince readers of an unproven theory using pathetically weak circumstancial evidence
certainty can often convey what the evidence does not.
In any case what is Beynon trying to infer
with this claim? Everyone knows Tutankhamen was assassinated for political purposes; probably poisoned. Why
would a mark on his mummy's cheek have any significance for Carnarvon? Is Beynon speculating that a supernatural
mosquito which could divine the future bit Tut and then came back again to haunt Carnarvon after 3000 years to
give a sign for ghost-hunters? Such ridiculous ideas are replete in
Mark Beynon's pot-boiler and simply underline that it is all low-grade speculation.
By 1929 eleven people connected with the discovery of the tomb had died
early and of unnatural causes.
This included two of Carnarvon's relatives, Carter's personal secretary,
Richard Bethell, and Bethell's father, Lord Westbury.
Westbury killed himself by jumping from a building. He left a note that
read: 'I really cannot stand any more horrors and hardly see what good I am
going to do here, so I am making my exit.'
Factually Incorrect! Firstly the assertion that people died of 'unnatural causes' is
completely untrue. All of their deaths had a simple forensic explanation.
Secondly, Egyptologist Herbert E. Winlock (see below) examined the evidence in 1933.
Of the 26 people present at the opening of the burial chamber, only 6 had died up till then.
Of the 22 of the 26 people who were present at the opening of the sarcophagus only 2 had died
within 10 years.
Only 10 of the 26 people who had watched the unwrapping of the mummy had succumbed and
none of them had died within the next decade!
In fact, many of the people who had
the most contact with the king's mummy lived long and productive lives. One has to wonder
at the level of scholarship in this 'book' if such basic facts are ignored.
The gods of his own religious philosophy, Thelema, were mainly drawn from
ancient Egyptian religion. He believed himself to be a prophet of a new age
of personal liberty, controlled by the Egyptian god Horus.
It is likely he would have found Carter's excavation sacrilegious, the
Misleading Guesswork and Prejudice!
Crowley's magical system and beliefs drew from ALL mystical religions and philosophies.
Crowley had no complaints or criticisms about archeologists and was
thankful for their work.
He frequented the British Museum and when in Egypt visited the Cairo Museum where he once discovered keys to a past life
in the Stele of Revealing on display there, but he also spent time in Asia and the far east learning their magical
There is absolutely no indication in any of Crowley's voluminous writings that
he was against archeology or any other aspect of science, in fact the reverse is the case -
he was a thoroughly modern intellectual, as evinced by his magnum opus The Equinox a series of ten volumes which
had as its stated intention, "The Method of Science, the Aim of Religion"
The idea that he would have harboured a grudge against archeologists enough for him to begin killing them is
absolutely ludicrous and the suggestion is as mischievous as it is shameful.
In his book, London's Curse: Murder, Black Magic and Tutankhamun in the
1920s West End, Mr Beynon pins seven deaths on Crowley, six of which took
place in London.
Crowley, who was born into a wealthy upper class family in 1875, had a
controversial doctrine for life of 'Do What Thou Wilt'. The bisexual heroin
addict gained notoriety for advocating sexual promiscuity and prostitution.
Factual Inaccuracy: Crowley did not advocate prostitution, he advocated 'free love'.
This is a similar kind of slur to that aimed at poor old Stephen Ward who killed
himself when he was used as a patsy for the British Establishment during the Profumo Scandal in the 1960s.
Ward was surrounded by good-time girls and because of his 'lax' morals was
tried for living off prostitution. Something he, in fact, never did.
fallen into the same tired stereotypes in order to discredit Crowley?
For all the world Beynon's arguments seem to be following the same trajectory as that of
fundamentalist christians in trying to establish as a fact, the lie that Crowley was a satanist
who committed ritual human sacrifice. The falsehoods in London's Curse will be grist to their mill.
Is Beynon a fundie agent-provocateur or is he just irresponsible?.
He never mentions the deaths in his diaries but often wrote that his mood
had 'lifted' the day after them.
Illogical Inuendo! If Crowley never mentioned the deaths in his diary how would Beynon know that
Crowley's mood had risen because of them? It might have risen because it was
sunny that day, or because other things had pleased him.
The satanist was also obsessed with Jack the Ripper. He wrote in his
diaries that he believed the locations of five of the Ripper's murders in
Whitechapel in 1888 formed a pentagram; an important star-shaped symbol in
satanism. Mr Beynon claims the locations of five of Crowley's 'murders'
form a copycat pentagram.
Compounded Error upon Ignorance! Come on! Who DOESN'T have a theory about
the identity or motives of Jack The Ripper! There are literally hundreds of books claiming to
have insider information on the Ripper's identity and each of them have more or less barmy ideas about it.
It is amazing to see Beynon highlight Crowley's 'Ripper Pentagram Location' theory and lard it with occult inuendo
whilst totally failing to mention that Crowley also had an earlier and more prominent Ripper theory which used a
'seven squared' Calvary Cross
(see drawing alongside) as a location finder- because at that time
most people thought the Ripper had killed seven victims.
Crowley published his Calvary Cross theory in his book Confessions in 1930! Thus
during the period covered by Beynon's book Crowley was fixed on his Calvary Cross theory of the Ripper.
Years later, (circa 1937) Crowley learned there were only five definite
Ripper victims and he superceded his Ripper Crucifix Location theory with the Pentagram theory which Beynon
This later pentagram theory wasn't actually published until after Crowley's Death. Beynon therefore apparently avoids
the Ripper Calvary Cross theory which is more pertinent and which has been published in numerous editions of Confessions
since 1930, in favour of the rare Pentagram Theory which more
appropriately matches his storyline. But, if we are to be persuaded by
Beynon to jump to stereotypical prejudices about pentagrams then the
revelation of the Ripper Crucifix Theory would by Beynon's yardstick
presumably indicate that the Ripper was a mad Christian killer and had
nothing to do with occultism, yes?
Beynon may be described as a 'historian' but he's
certainly no mathematician; any five random points when joined up always DO produce a pentagram, that is geometry!
So this 'revelation' proves absolutely nothing but the gullibility of some people to believe madcap
conspiracy theories. How for example, did Beynon miss the astonishing discovery that
Euston, Charing Cross, Waterloo, Liverpool Street and London Bridge railway Stations make up an inverted
pentagram proving conclusively that victorian railway architect Philip Hardwick must have been an Arch-Satanist and
baby killer. Not!
Crowley was 13 when the Ripper killed his five victims.
Is Beynon actually trying to suggest that Crowley waited 34 years to begin copy-catting ripper killings?
And, on this Ripper theme, there's one last crucial contradiction which Beynon completely ignores: NONE of the killings he attributes to
Crowley were copy-cat Ripper killings. The Ripper disemboweled his victims and took parts of their bodies away.
None of the people who died whose deaths Beynon is trying to pin on Crowley were mutilated so how can it
be a copy-cat killing? THERE IS NO LINK BETWEEN CROWLEY AND JACK THE RIPPER.
Mr Beynon said: 'When I researched these deaths, Crowley's name popped up
again and again. There is plenty of circumstantial evidence linking him to
all the deaths. I have just put all the pieces of the jigsaw together.'
Mr Beynon paints a picture of a dangerous schizophrenic known to have
murdered his servants in India.
Now Beynon really is scraping the bottom of the barrel. No, Mark
Beynon, you haven't put ALL the pieces of the jigsaw together; you've
found a handful of circumstancial pieces which can be made to look like
they fit each other if you gratuitiously ignore facts which cancel them
Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered on 26th November 1922. The first salvo in the
constant campaign by Beaverbrook's newspapers to discredit and defame Crowley was
from the Sunday Express of November 26th 1922! The very same day. Revelations about Crowley and Tutankhamen ran in parallel
in the headlines for years afterwards but there was no causal link between the two.
Additionally, Beynon may think Crowley was a schizophrenic but there is no medical evidence to support that contention
and Crowley never received treatment for it. By using the term 'dangerous schizophrenic' it looks for all the world
as though Beynon is trying to convince the reader that Crowley was a psychopath given to violent actions against others.
If that is the case then it is a downright falsehood.
The allegation that
Crowley murdered his servants in India is completely disingenuous. It is based on the lie which
was first floated by the British Press where John Bull magazine actually accused Crowley of being a cannibal!
This unproven allegation was based on a third-hand story to the effect that,
when out on one of his mountain-climbing expeditions, Crowley ran out of food and a rumour went round that
he had survived by eating two of his native bearers! Beynon's 'research' is so good that this ends up being
portrayed by him as a case of murder! The man's work is laughable.
He socialised with Ripper suspect Walter Sickert and Mr Beynon argues that
Crowley used the Ripper's killing spree as inspiration for his own efforts
years later. Crowley believed that the Ripper's murders had afforded him special powers,
including invisibility. Mr Beynon says that he thought his murders would also render him invisible.
To test his theory, he famously walked through London's Cafe Royal
restaurant ridiculously dressed in a mustard-coloured cloak adorned with
occultist symbols. When customers fell silent and were too perturbed to speak to him, he
assumed they could not see him.
Absolute Rubbish! This is so ingenuine that we might very well accuse Beynon of dissassembling.
The story about Crowley and the Cafe Royal is just that - an unverified anecdote. Crowley was there and
did take to wearing dramatic robes and cloaks during that period of his life but the 'invisibility' bit was a joke.
There was never any link with invisibility and the Ancient Egyptian
Religion, Crowley was introduced to formulae of occultic invisibility by S. L. Mathers who was researching them from
ancient grimoires from the classical world, not from ancient Egypt.
Jack The Ripper was seen, chased and nearly caught
several times, therefore was hardly invisible and this of course may reveal Beynon's convoluted thinking.
The Cafe Royal Invisibility Legend is included in Beynon's tale because it makes Crowley appear to THINK he was
invisible to others but wasn't. If we are to believe Beynon's tosh about the Crowley-Ripper link, Jack The Ripper also
used invisibility spells and thinking he was occultly invisible was nearly caught because of it! Hence because it is
impossible for anyone to say for sure that the Ripper DIDN'T think himself invisible, nobody can likewise decry
Beynon's claim that Crowley was similarly deceiving himself using the same magical formula! Incestuous logic!
But WE can dismiss this claim. The only time Crowley
admitted to experimenting with Magical Invisibility was outlined in the memoires of CR Cammel who knew Crowley well. Crowley
explained to Cammel the magical process of redirecting mass attention onto a point of focus
which allowed the person doing it to go 'unseen'. It brings to mind the Indian Rope trick.
Crowley told Cammel in the 1940s that he had used this technique only once,
in Sicily and that 'when the Fascists raided his Abbey of Thelema
at Cefalu, he passed through them unseen.' .
Walter Sickert was NOT a suspect in the Ripper Murders. The Sickert
involvement theory did not appear until the early 1970s. Sickert was
not included in the original police investigation. In hindsight some
conspiracy theorists who believed in a masonic-style Royal Satanic
conspiracy judged that Sickert's paintings were too realistic to be
simply paintings and that he was therefore involved! They might as well
have said the same about the artists who penned the line-drawings of
victims and locations which peppered the popular newspapers at the
time! Even so the theory is that Sickert was involved only tangentially
in a cover up and thus not the killer himself.
Sickert was part of the
famous London's Camden Town group which became a centre of artistic and
creative society. Crowley, also a painter and bohemian, moved in the
same circles like hundreds of other people who knew and lauded
Sickert's talents and style. These connections with the Ripper murders
were never made during Sickert's lifetime and so any casual
acquaintence between Crowley and Sickert is not as Beynon is inferring.
|Ripper Latest: Ripper Latest:
New DNA Evidence Proves Beyond Doubt That Jack The Ripper was in fact Aaron Kosminski
"Kosminski was one of several suspects at
the time but police did not have enough evidence to convict him,
despite identification by a witness.
Kosminski was 23 when the murders took place, and living in Greenfield
Street, just 200 yards from where the third victim, Elizabeth Stride,
He was a pathetic creature, a lunatic who achieved sexual satisfaction
from slashing women to death in the most brutal manner. He spent the
rest of his life in Leavesden Asylum and died from gangrene at
the age of 53, weighing just 7st."
Jack the Ripper unmasked:
Benyon's theory that Walter
Sickert was the Ripper and had an influence on Crowley who later
ritually murdered others in a copy-cat fashion can now be seen to be complete and utter falsity.
Outlining his macabre theory, Mr Beynon said: 'So much of Crowley's belief
system was steeped in ancient Egypt.
'He would have seen the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb as desecration.
'This was a man given to extensive world travel and yet we know he was in
London when at least four of the six deaths occurred.' He added: 'I hope
the book will appeal to anyone with an interest in crime or London history.
Beynon's pot-boiler is the worst kind of book. It pretends to be an authoritative modern
re-analysis of the facts but is in reality simply a tabloidesque offering in a bound jacket. There is absolutely no
evidence to suggest that Crowley thought the opening of Tutankhamen's tomb was a desecreation. In fact his voluminous
writings show no interest in Tutankhamen. The boy-king was a
minor short-lived pharaoh and has little magical or religious significance to esotericists.
There were 25 Westerners Identified by Howard Carter
as present in Egypt during the opening of the
tomb who were potentially exposed to the Curse. Fourteen of them died over a period of decades in ways which
Tutankhamen Curse afficionados think was suspicious.
Crowley was in London when Six of those died. Which means he wasn't in the locality when eight others died.
Crowley was not implicated in any of the 8 other deaths even using the pathetically lax criteria Beynon employs.
So who is supposed to have killed those?
Scientific research undertaken by Mark Nelson
which measured the length of survival after date of potential exposure to the supposed curse resulted in the
Results: In the 25 people exposed to the curse the mean age at death was 70 years
(SD12) compared with 75 (13) in those not exposed (P=0.87 for difference). Survival after the date of exposure was
20.8 (15.2)v 28.9 (13.6) years respectively (P=0.95 for difference). Female sex was a predictor for survival
There was no significant association between exposure to the mummy’s curse and survival
and thus there is no scientific evidence to support the existence of a mummy’s curse.
'I was fascinated researching London in the 20s and 30s.
'On the surface, it was very glitzy and glamorous but there was a dark
underbelly that provided the ideal stage for this story.
'Everyone was obsessed with the supposed Curse of Tutankhamun striking down
high society victims.
'But until now, no-one has ever realised that they may well have been
You mean nobody has had the gall to suggest such a blatantly untrue
and scientifically precarious conclusion by ignoring available facts to the contrary.
We mentioned earlier in our comments
that the curse itself has not been established beyond question.
Howard Carter who lead the expedition and dig
said there was no item, seal or engraving on the door or the inside of Tutankhamen's tomb which contained any
curse of any kind. On February 24th 1930 Carter was telegraphed news by the London Evening Stadard
of another death from the 'curse' and replied tersely "Rumours of the curse are a libellous invention."
In the early 1980s Humphrey Evans interviewed Richard Adamson one of the then surviving
people who was closely involved in the Tutankhamen dig for his piece Curse of The Boy King,
(The Unexplained pp785) for
first hand knowledge about how the curse started. Adamson said that as an ex military policeman he had been
given the job of securing the tomb and stood guard many nights throughout the dig.
Adamson vowed that it was
Carter himself who had invented the curse idea in November 1922 when the tomb was first discovered in order to keep people away
and preserve his exclusivity agreement with the New York Times newspaper and later came to regret it.
In the same vein he said Carter also issued contradictory and unreliable press reports on finds to mislead non NYT
journalists and keep Times hacks ahead of the game.
These facts and all the facts I have outlined above are easily available for any professional journalist or 'historian' to
research. Did the author turn a blind eye to anything which interfered with his sensational conclusions?
Whether he did or didn't his book is quite simply rubbish and not worth the trees which have been cut down to produce it.
Believe in it at your peril.
John Freedom, Mortlake December 2011,
CROWLEY SANK THE TITANIC!
Iceberg story is cover-up for Satanic Sacrifice
Crowley was on board, says cabin steward John Enery. 'When I opened his trunk to unpack his clothes I was
astonished to see a very large can-opener with satanic symbols on it.' John escaped drowning at sea by
jumping into a life-boat whilst wearing women's clothes, including a very nice laice chemise with silk suspender belt,
and a red velvet garter; an outfit he just happened to have lying around. John said he got to know Crowley
well on the voyage but he always threw an icy stare whenever John asked him about the giant can-opener. After the
captain had called Abandon Ship, John checked Crowley's trunk and, sure enough, the giant can-opener was missing.
Historian Hyam A Greadysvine has just published a 500 page book on the sinking of the Titanic based on John Enery's
account. 'It had nothing whatsoever to do with any Icebergs - that's a myth!'
Crowley was The Wickedest Man in The World.
CROWLEY BEHIND HINDENBERG DISASTER
It Blew Up For No Apparent Reason, The Hydrogen Had Nothing To Do With It.In 1937 I was an 18 month old child but clearly remember seeing Crowley
at the back of the crowd holding a Block II systems designated XM41E1 Surface to Air Missile and laughing maniacally
just before the Hindenberg went up. People have since asked me how Crowley could have obtained an XM41E1
when they weren't invented till 1963 but that's easy. Time Travel dear boy! I mean, he was a Black Magician wasn't he?
Crowley was The Wickedest Man in The World you know.
CROWLEY STARTED FIRST WORLD WAR FOR SATAN
Conspiracy to Kill German and British ChristiansMy Serbian Grandfather always told the tale about how he saw Crowley jump up on the Landau and
shoot Archduke Franz Ferdinand dead, then thrust the pistol into the hands of Gavrilo Princip. Under torture Princip
confessed anything his torturers wanted to hear including the fact that Crowley's objective was to start a war
to kill millions of people for Satan. You see, it had nothing to do with ultra-nationalism, and power-hungry politicians
it's always the Satanists what did it, after all Crowley was The Wickedest Man in the World
CROWLEY PILOTED JAP PLANE AT PEARL HARBOUR
Black Magician kills 2,000 and blames it on Yamamoto
Because Crowley was a Nazi Spy working for Himmler's Thule society he had advance notice of the
impending Japanese air-strike on Pearl Harbour and joined Yamamoto on his Flagship to lead the attack. Historian,
Lee Yngtwat's new book reveals that Crowley
often gloated that he personally blew up the Arizona whilst people on the ground heard him shouting
'Hail Satan! Death to The Christians!' from his open cockpit. Independent observers have questioned whether
it was really possible for Crowley's voice to have been heard above the explosions, gunfire and noise of the
plane's engine but Lee Yngtwat told the Daily Mail ' My informant can lip-read. Look,
some have said that we should make allowances because Crowley was 66 and a confused man due to his life-long use of
prescription drugs however somebody once said he was the Wickedest Man in The World
and that's good enough for me. I mean the crimes of guys like Hitler,
Stalin, Polpot and Herod pales into insignificance when compared with
the things Crowley was said to have done, although I can't quite
remember exactly what those were but everyone is shocked so it must be
true! Yes. Crowley easily deserves the title of the Wickedest Man In The world. He was a SATANIST for godsakes!
Anyway, that means we can trash the memory of a dead man who can't answer back as well as making
money out of him to boot. It also has the decided advantage of not conflicting with actual facts which my professors have
already written about therefore It needn't go out for peer review and I won't get slated - Good init?' Lee Yngtwat
is just in it for the money.
CROWLEY HIJACKED ENOLA GAY
Atom Bomb Had Horns Drawn On It
Documents recently released under the Freedom of Disinformation act included this formerly secret
photograph of Crowley just prior to taking off in Enola Gay. He mentioned to his crew in passing that he
expected to Satanically Sacrifice 350,000 people with the Atomic Bomb and then to blame it on the Pacific War effort, but
as he was an infirm 70 year old at the time and died a year or so later they just put it down to grumpiness. Crowley
was well known for being The Wickedest Man in The World.
SATANIST CROWLEY ASSASSINATED KENNEDY
Crowley's Ghost Hypnotised Oswald To
shoot Kennedy in first Manchurian Candidate killing
New documents released under the Freedom of Misinformation Act reveal that Marina Oswald confessed to CIA interrogators that
Crowley had appeared to Oswald in a dream and told him how to charm three 'magic bullets' one of which after hitting
Kennedy turned around to also shoot Governor John Connally. Although kept secret at the time this amazing
fact helped the Assassinations committee to nicely avoid evidence of more than one gunman
and a conspiracy wrap for the killing. The truth has been revealed in an exclusive interview with Al Odalies, a historian
who is helping us increase our circulation without a jot of proof.
We know you're dim enough to buy into it whenever a 'historian' says the words Assassination and Kennedy in the same sentence
and the crapometer goes right off the scale when we include the words Satanist and Crowley as well.
After all, Crowley was the Wickedest Man in the World. Easy money!
CROWLEY SACRIFICES 75 MILLION PEOPLE TO THE DEVIL
Black Death was Black Magic Strategy - Baccillus only killed nice people.
Back in the middle of the 13c Aleister Crowley was only minus 427 years old but pious people who
lived at that time have left us categoric proof of his involvement in spreading the Bubonic Plague in
the form of this genuine woodcut showing a satanist invoking the devil of disease which, says Alwaze Anangle,
a historian, is umistakably
that of Crowley's form. Alwaze Anangle's new book Earn A Million by Writing Books For Suckers With The Most Outrageous
Claims Without Any Factual Evidence - Nobody Will Ever Check It And Your Publisher's PR Person Will Just LOVE You For The
Free Publicity It Generates', contains absolutely incontrovertible evidence to prove this is the case because
many people who knew Crowley admitted that he coughed exceptionally frequently by modern standards and eventually died....
and he was of course The Wickedest Man in The World.
Anangle's book is being serialised by newspapers who should know better but are in the death throes of paper news with
desperate editors who have lost any shred of self-respect they once had printing rubbish which at one time would have
kept them awake at night fearing withering criticisms from their peers.
To be continued.............
The fundamentalists, wicked historians and unprofessional journalists would like you to
believe that Crowley was some kind of violent perverted thug and to that end they love to reproduce
the well known photograph of him with shaved head and
'hypnotic' stare challenging the reader at every glance; but Crowley was born the son of a wealthy brewing family
who were leading members
of the Plymouth Bretheren, a fundamentalist Christian group.
Pleasant Pictures of Crowley which
They Don't Want You To See
In Crowley's youth his parents and
relatives 'force-fed' him Christian extremism which he resisted and rebelled against enough for
his fanatical mother to accuse him of being The Beast mentioned in the Book of Revelation. The
young Crowley revelled in his contrariness and the nickname stuck but his origins had nothing
to do with any satanic links. Rather his interest in the occult must have stemmed from a
dislike of the dead-hand of fundamentalist Christianity.
He was put through a classic English gentleman's education, first at Malvern and Tonbridge and later
Cambridge where he was happy and fulfilled. Crowley was an accomplished mountain-climber taking a
crucial part in the first British expeditionary campaign to climb Chogo Ri (K2) and then
Kanchenchunga in the Himalayas before Everest was conquered by Hilary. Crowley was a brilliant
chess-player, a Poet, a Painter and Novelist publishing a series of detective
stories under the banner of Simon Iff.
Crowley was also one of the
most prodigious writers on esoteric matters that the world has ever known. Heir to a sizeable fortune after
his father died Crowley was able to indulge himself in travel to exotic destinations and his command of
semitic languages enabled him to produce translations of Eastern esoteric writings which impressed
academics of the time.
After having imbibed of everything currently then occult within England Crowley developed his own magickal
system of Thelema which began to attract converts, and the disparaging glances of the British Establishment.
To avoid the small-minded repression of England Crowley moved to Sicily where he purchased a typical native cascina or
farmhouse and set up his 'Abbey of Thelema' there in Cefalu where magick and free-love could express themselves.
A coterie of supporters visited the 'Abbey', the locals accepted Crowley and for a while things went well
until Raoul Loveday, a brilliant young Oxford graduate who had devoted his life to Crowley's system died from enteritis.
Conditions in the 'Abbey' were somewhat primitive with no running water or power etc.
Crowley had recently come under criticism from the tut-tut brigade for writing Diary of a Drug Fiend, a powerful novel
with autobiographical sections. After Loveday died Betty May returned to England and was pressed by the tabloids to
tell salacious stories. Most British newspapers jumped on the
bandwagon with outraged late-Victorian prudery but One newspaper in particular, John Bull, lead the frenzied attack:
The ensuing publicity eventually got back to Mussolini who gave Crowley
notice to immediately quit his Abbey. (remember that the fascist
dictator was a major supporter of Catholicism). Crowley spent a few
months elsewhere in Europe and returned to the U.K. to a wave of evil
publicity and lies from Beaverbrook's newspapers, full of inuendo about
Crowley's supposed satanic
practices which had no basis in fact (just like today). So consistent
was this character assassination that Crowley eventually wrote a
personal letter to Beaverbrook pleading with him to stop because the
hate produced was making his wife's life unbearable. The evil
Beaverbrook did not reply and the tirade against Crowley continued.
Y'know, if Crowley really could have cast death curses on people (see
ridiculous allegations in column left) then those involved in the
Tutankhamen dig would have been very low on the list of priorities!
Beaverbrook died a natural death in 1964 forty one years after his
newspapers made Crowley's life a misery, leaving some wit to remark
that 'the pen is mightier than the truth'.
CROWLEY - THE WICKEDEST MAN IN THE WORLD?:
The phrase 'Wickedest Man in The World' which is often quoted by supposedly independent authors and writers, has probably done
more to discredit Crowley than any other appellation. It was a headline originally coined by the editor of John Bull on
24 March 1923. This self-righteous hack had for some weeks been campaigning against Crowley. The Sunday Express had for
eight weeks previously fielded similarly hysterical headlines such as:
'The King of Depravity'
'A Man We Would Like To Hang'
(yes, really, and the true irresponsibility of their sensationalism can be seen when it is realised that execution by hanging
was still in force at the time!).
Yet another headline read ,
'A Human Beast Returns'
and many other similarly scurrilous statements based on sourgrapes
kiss-and-tell informants and even downright fabrications of the
For example, John Bull actually accused Crowley of being a
cannibal! This lie was based on a third-hand story to the effect that,
when out on one of his mountain-climbing expeditions, Crowley had ran
out of food and a rumour went round that he had survived by eating two
of his native bearers!
Crowley and The Human Sacrifice Smear (Frater Marabas) OEXP063 An
EXCELLENT article with lots of rare historical perspective. Full
article available for download here:
After the Abbey of Thelema incident Crowley continued to work on his magical system right up until his death in 1947 but was
wary of broadcasting his 'synthesis of religion and science' except to those who sought him out.
Crowley's unique talents and contribution to modern society was that he
presaged the sexual and religious liberation of the 1960s half a
century before everyone else caught up. This is one reason why he was
included in the montage of famous people on The Beatles' Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band record
cover (though fundamentalist Christians will tell you the oft quoted
lie that it was because The Beatles were Satanists too!). Creative and
artistic types know what Crowley was trying to accomplish and take him
and his statements allegorically, unlike the fundies who are still
stuck in a 19th century literal mentality. Crowley wasn't a satanist and never termed himself a satanist, in
fact in 1932 he actually sued Nina Hamnett, the author of a book The Laughing Torso which portrayed him as a Black Magician. Crowley's sex magic may not have been appropriate to Christian eyes but
it wasn't Black, it wasn't Satanic and it only involved consensual sex with adults.
Since the 1970s Crowley's work has been appreciated by hundreds of
thousands of people. Many thousands around the world follow his magical
and religious system and most artists, and poets realise their debt to
him. His self-sacrificing scientific experiments with Opium and Cocaine
and his writings on these drugs presaged the 1960s psychedelic
movement. His subjective writings about Heroin and Cocaine (which we
not banned substances at the time and were being used recreationally by
many creative people) are still referred to by pharmacologists and
psychiatrists today as powerful source-works.
In the modern world Crowley's projects and activities would seem
unexceptional yet historians who should know better (
and those with a sectarian axe to grind such as Christian
fundamentalists who often try to hijack his infamy as 'evidence' of
Satanic Ritual Abuse), are still trying to present Crowley as some kind
of ultimate evil and proof of the existence of Satanic Networks.
Those who did not live through the Profumo crisis, which brought down a
Conservative government in 1963, now look back on Profumo and Christine
Keeler in astonishment that affairs of sex could be mixed with affairs
of state to cause such extensive and destructive political
ramifications. Today, 26-year-old Katia Zatuliveter an alleged Russian
Spy accused of liaising with Russian intelligence services while
working as a researcher for 65-year-old Liberal Democrat MP Mike
Hancock, with whom she had an affair, is almost a joke, yet in 1963
Stephen Ward committed suicide over a very similar situation. That was
how prudish the press and politicians were in the early sixties. How
much more outrage would a free-spirit like Crowley cause in the early
part of the 20th century?
Because of the unrepressed attitude which Crowley, amongst others,
groundbroke, freedoms of sexual preference are now taken as a right by
the majority of people who benefit from them. It is to my eyes more
than despicable for people like Mark Beynon (see left) who have seized
the opportunity to use the freedom from censorship which people like
Crowley paid for with blood and tears, to write titilating nonsense
pandering to the worst-fears of puritans and thereby provide the forces
of unreason and oppression with the ammunition to close in on artists
and authors who are at the leading edge today. Beynon should be utterly
ashamed of himself but what has been writ cannot be unwritten and his
spectacularly stupid diatribe will remain as a monument to his
ignorance for the rest of his life.
What Crowley did was shocking for those at the time, because of their
suppressed religious and sexual world-view. The Establishment rounded
upon him because he dared to liberate himself and others. They tried to
destroy his system of free-thought by besmirching his honesty and his
honour yet his axiom 'Do What Thou Wilt Shall Be The Whole Of The Law, and its
corollary 'Love is The Law - Love under will' ,
could easily have been the battle-cry of most post 1980 Yuppies! As it
is the media have parasitically preyed upon Crowley for the past half a
century and the lies have grown in the telling. They were lies when
they started out and they are even bigger lies today.
As for Crowley, he would have just LOVED to find himself still
winding-up the puritans over half a century after his death. Crowley
prophesied in his writings that this would happen because he knew the
mentality of the do-gooders who just couldn't leave him alone. He knew
they would play into his hands and that his future notoriety was
assured. The fools themselves have done more to promote Crowley's
magical and philsophical system by trying to censor and suppress it,
than Crowley himself could ever have done alone.
"I am the Beast,
I am the Word of the Aeon.
I spend my soul in blazing torrents
that roar into Night,
streams that with molten tongues
hiss as they lick.
I am a hell of a Holy Guru!"
Wickedest Man In The World Competition
Now look here old chap, if you are going to get hot under the collar about
how shocking Mr Crowley was you aught to be armed with the FACTS...We don't
call him The Wickedest Man in The World for nothing...
Death Count Table
Jack The Ripper = 5 Murders (5 definite, another 4 probable but not certain)
The French Ripper (Joseph Vacher): = 11 murders
The Yorkshire Ripper (Peter Sutcliffe) = 13 murders all women.
The Boston Strangler (Albert DeSalvo) = 13 women.
Jeffrey Dahmer = 17 Men and Boys
Monster of Dusseldorf (Peter Kurten), world's worst serial Killer = 79 murders.
But not wicked enough apparently for that coveted title of The Wickedest Man in The World:
Who else? Ah yes, The Professionals:
Jean Bedel Bokassa = Shooting dead of 100 schoolchildren etc. etc.
Lieutenant William Calley = 500 dead in a couple of hours at My Lai massacre.
Richard The Lionheart 2,700 hostages beheaded at Acre
Klaus Barbie = 4,000 Jews executed in Vichy France.
Alexander The Great = 6,000 residents of Thebes put to the sword.
Sadam Hussein = Largest Single Poisoned Gas Attack Halabja = 5,000 deaths
Vlad The Impaler = 30,000 merchants 'eviscerated, decapitated, dismembered.
Arthur 'Bomber' Harris = 35,000 in the Dresden Firestorm WWII
Ivan The Terrible = 60,000 in the Novgorod Massacre alone
Idi Amin - 400,000
Polpot = 1,700,000
Stalin = Millions. 22,000 Polish prisoners executed on his personal orders at Katyn.
Hitler = 6 million jews 'Final Solution' etc.
That's enough mass murderers.
Gag! Very, Very Wicked men, but not Quite the Wickedest Man in the World .....
Hello! Whom do we have here? Ah...Aleister Crowley = Er...NO murders actually, not one body - but there was that
one ever so slightly suspicious accidental death of Loveday. Yes, yes, I know his wife said it wasn't
Crowley's fault but I mean, who are we to believe? Then again Crowley did sacrifice a frog once. That's very Nasty.
Almost as nasty as biology students in dissection class. That's It! That's Him! Numero uno. Mr Nasty.
As plain as plain could be. He MUST be the nastiest. Why? Because we can forgive a man genocide (Alexander 'the Great'
unnecessarily and viciously killed millions with his war machine but he's still considered 'great' isn't he?) however
we can't ever forgive Crowley for being an occultist.
Crowley MUST be the Wickedest Man in The World! So there!
Sickening List Here of Hundreds of Vicious Psychopaths,
Cannibals, Necrophiliacs and Baby Killers -
but take my word for it - none of them are anything like as
wicked as wicked Mr Crowley was. I think.
We've Heard It All Before. So What's New?
London's Curse Just a Rehash of Earlier Claims?
Nothing New Save For The Crowley Fantasies
The original sensational publicity surrounding the Tutankhamen 'curse' went right around the world.
This is the way the Australian Adelaide Mail reported it in 1930.
You will see that a large part of Beynon's book
appears to rehash this eighty year old research adding a thin slice of rich cream on the top in
the form of spurious, weak or provenly fictitious links to Aleister Crowley. Is Beynon one of those
'most credulous and ill-informed persons' that Herbert Winlock was referring to?
Mark Beynon Falls For 80 Year Old Tabloid Lie
Note particularly that this 1930 syndicated news story was responsible for one of the most fundamental errors which underpins
belief in the existence of Tutankhamen's Curse. Resorting to Dr J C Mardrus, a French, translator, the reporter
words the text ambiguously and leads readers to believe that a curse was found on the tomb when in fact there was none.
This article has been recounted and used as a source so many times
since by various writers that the idea that a curse was engraved above the door to Tutankhamen's tomb has become
widely accepted. Even though Carter later maintained that there was nothing of that ilk in the tomb. In fact Mardrus was
referring to another stele or engraving, The Stele of Malediction which was an EXAMPLE of an Egyptian curse.
It had nothing to do with Tutankhamen's Tomb but in the absence of corroboration for the legend the British Press
wove the untruth into the story to mislead the reader and it has suckered most commentators over the years, including,
it would appear, Mark Beynon.
Proof That No Inscription Existed
A rare photograph taken by Howard Carter of the sepulchre door behind which Tutankhamen's mummy was placed,
shows that nothing appears 'above' the doorway. This is standard for all tombs - the Egyptian authorities
weren't stupid; they realised
any such curse would simply be an 'enter here' sign to graverobbers. All entrances to tombs were invariably
Remember folks - You heard it first at the SAFF.
Is The Mummy's Curse The Curse of The Mummy?
The mummy’s curse is now widely accepted to be derived solely from fictional literature. In 1869 Louisa May Alcott,
author of Little Women, had written a short story called “Lost in a Pyramid: the
Mummy’s Curse. which Tutankhamen's Tomb observers hold to be the influence behind the legend of the curse.
An alternative source may have been a tale related by the US painter Joseph Smith (1863-1950),
who told of a curse on the heretic king Akhenaton, Tutankhamen’s father-in-law.
In any event the 18th and 19th centuries were a hive of archaeological activity concerning ancient Egypt which,
as today, captured the Victorians' romanticism. The Tutankhamen Tomb discovery was a high point of that
Of course the newspapers went wild following the discovery of the
intact Mummy of Tutankhamen and after Lord Carnarvon's untimely death
the speculation of the Mummy's Curse began but there had already been a
legacy of imaginative horror stories about re-vivified mummies wreaking
revenge upon the living and it was already firmly fixed in the mind of
the superstitious. I am indebted to Paula Guran at
http://www.darkecho.com/darkecho/horroronline/mummy1.html for the
excellent analysis of mummy literature (below) which she penned in
With the advent of moving pictures The Mummy's Curse became prime fodder for a sequence of horror films, the best produced by
The original series starring iconic horror actors Boris Karloff (in the original only) and Lon Chaney Jr.,
were produced for Universal Studios from 1932 to 1955.
Return of The Mummy Part 1: (partial excerpt)
The earliest recorded scary story involving
a mummy was published in 1699 by a Frenchman, Louis Penicher, in
Traité des embaumemments selon les anciens et les modernes. More
than a century later the decipherment of hieroglyphs provided writers
with more fuel for their fiction.
by Paula Guran
The first known first mummy story in the
English language, Mummy! Or A Tale of the Twenty-Second Century, was a
novel by Jane Webb Loundun. Published in 1827 soon after Mary Shelley's
Frankenstein, it shares its theme of a reanimated being. In it,
civilization is morally bankrupt and on verge of collapse in this
science fictional London of 2126 . The resurrected mummy of King
Cheops, in an effort to set his own corrupt past right, sets about
restoring the economic, moral, and social stability of the
Perhaps surprisingly, Edgar Allan Poe's
single mummy tale, "Some Words with a Mummy" was not horrific at all.
Published in 1845 in American Weekly Review, the farcical story was
based on the then-popular mania for unwrapping mummies.
Theophile Gautier's novel The Romance of
the Mummy (1856) offered the first historically accurate story set in
ancient Egypt and was also the first to introduce the romantic element
of falling in love with a mummy. His story, "The Mummy's Foot," (1863)
explored the romantic theme as well as the magical properties of
mummies. Iras, A Mystery, a 1896 novel by H. D. Everett is an early
example of a reanimated mummy as an object of love rather than
frightening, vengeful creature.
"Lot No. 249," an 1892 story by Sir Arthur
Conan Doyle may have been the first use of a revivified mummy as a
sinister character. A mummy, acquired at an auction along with its case
(thus the "lot number" of the title), is brought back to life and sent
out to murder people. In his earlier (1890) story, "The Ring of Thoth,"
Doyle employed the theme of lovers united across millennia. as well as
featuring two ancients who drank a potion to become immortal. These
melodramatic thrillers were riding the crest of late nineteenth century
mania for all things Egyptian, a mania that was also fed with similar
work like Guy Boothby's novel Pharos the Egyptian (1899) and Sax
Rohmer's later mummy stories.
In 1906 Bram Stoker, the author of Dracula,
provided inspiration for much future fiction and many movies when he
became the first to connect revivified ancient Egyptian female royalty
with a living modern-day heroine. In his novel, The Jewel of Seven
Stars, a queen's tomb is discovered and her soul inhabits the body of
the beautiful daughter of an Egyptologist as she awaits full
resurrection via a ruby containing seven seven-pointed stars. Algernon
Blackwood's much more interesting story, "The Nemesis of Fire" (1908)
presumably used Stoker's rather flawed novel as its basis.
* The Mummy, 1932. The movie features the story of an ancient Egyptian priest mummy called Imhotep (Karloff),
who is resurrected in the present day.
* The Mummy's Hand, 1940. Not a direct sequel to the 1932 film,
only the resurrected mummy theme is the same. This film features Kharis
(played by Tom Tyler), another Egyptian priest turned living dead
mummy. Some flashbacks, using scenes from the original film, feature
* The Mummy's Tomb, 1942. Direct sequel to the 1940 film. Tom Tyler is replaced by Lon Chaney, Jr. in this and the next
two films. Tyler, however, still plays Kharis in flashbacks to Ancient Egypt.
* The Mummy's Ghost, 1944. Direct sequel to the 1942 film
* The Mummy's Curse, 1944. Direct sequel to the first 1944 film
* Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy, 1955. Indirect sequel/spoof of the first five films.
John Freedom, Mortlake, December 2011
These are , Yet See Here for How The Fundies' Lies Were Accepted and
Repeated in Court
by a Judge who was Utterly Misinformed
Judge Thomas said in court: 'You have fully lived up to the ideals of your mentor Aleister Crowley - you used the occult to further your sexual excesses -
children were kept as toys for sex purposes.